About Melbourne

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Melbourne is the capital of the state of Victoria and is the second-largest city in Australia. It is located on the Port Phillip bay, in the estuary of the Yarra River. Often referred to as the “cultural capital of Australia” and ranks in the top three of the World’s Most Livable Cities. Melbourne is home to the largest tram network in the world and is a moderately populated city with a fairly wide urban sprawl. The University of Melbourne is internationally acclaimed and the second oldest university in Australia, and Melbourne is also home to may other state run and independent schools. There is an abundance of parks and gardens, and Melbourne is often called Australia’s garden city. Melbourne is an exciting, vibrant city with a strong cultural and art scene, making it an amazing place to visit and explore.

Melbourne History

The first settlement in Victoria was established in 1803, but soon abandoned because of a perceived lack in resources. In 1835, John Batman set up a village on the northern bank of the Yarra River and Melbourne named after then-British Prime Minister William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, and declared a city in 1847 by Queen Victoria. Melbourne experienced rapid growth after gold was discovered in Victoria in 1851 and was the largest city in Australia for most of the 19th century, ultimately being surpassed by rival city Sydney in the early 20th century. Melbourne has seen great employment and population growth since the mid-1990s and has a large influx of immigrants.

Melbourne Tourist Attractions

There is so much to do and see in Melbourne and it may be impossible to do it all in one week. Plan your trip to Melbourne very carefully so you can take in as much as possible (without burning yourself out). Listed below is the best Melbourne has to offer…

Federation Square – Where all travelers/residents converge for visitor information, events and just to hang out. There are restaurants, cafes, bars, cinemas and galleries on this city block at Swanson and Flinders Streets worth taking a look at. The striking and unique architecture is reason enough to swing by this attraction.

Queen Victoria Market – This historic market is a culinary dream. Fish, meat, bread, cakes, pasta, produce, delicacies, everything you’ve ever dreamed of can be found here. In addition to all of the food, there is an area in the market for all kinds of neat finds including clothing, jewelry, art, crafts and other interesting treasures. There are even tours and cooking classes offered at the market, and in the summers there’s a night market with entertainment.

The National Gallery of Victoria – This gallery is where visitors will find rare pieces of artwork in a unique building located just across the Yarra River from Federation Square.

Melbourne Observation Deck – See the best views of the city from this Melbourne landmark.

Melbourne Zoo – Observe more than 350 kinds of animals in this phenomenal and attractive zoo. Wander around the lush grounds and see lions, elephants, tigers, rhinos and many more animals all housed in well cared for environments. The zoo also offers a variety of programs including concerts in the park, picnics and zoo sleepovers.

Melbourne Aquarium – Discover a world beneath the sea at this state-of-the-art facility. Located right on the Yarra River this interactive aquarium is home to all wonders of the Southern Oceans.

Old Melbourne Gaol – This is Victoria’s oldest surviving prison and is located right in the city. The prison is where the infamous Ned Kelly was housed and executed. Kept in excellent condition, the prison offers eerie night tours along with regular day time hours.

Melbourne Cricket Ground – The MCG is one of the most important cricket grounds in the world dating back to 1853. Not only a cricket ground the MCG hosted the 1956 Olympics, AFL games and various concerts.

Crown Entertainment Complex – This huge complex on the Yarra River offers a wide range of entertainment options. Casinos, restaurants, shops, cinemas, restaurants and bars are just a few of the services available here.

Top 10 Things To Do in Melbourne

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Melbourne Attractions and Districts

Melbourne is located on the south east coast of Australia at the top of Port Phillip Bay and is the perfect starting point for traveling around Australia. You can travel north to Sydney, west to Adelaide, or south to Tasmania. Melbourne is also a great place to base yourself for day trips around parts of Victoria.

1. Federation Square
2. National Gallery of Victoria
3. Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne
4. Queen Victoria Market
5. Flinders Street Station
6. Australian Centre for the Moving Image
7. Circle City Tram
8. Melbourne Cricket Ground
9. Kings Domain
10. Melbourne Zoo

There is so much to do and see in Melbourne throughout the year. You will never be bored in Melbourne. There are several different areas of interest – each with its own distinct personality.

St. Kilda
St. Kilda is situated right on the water at the top of the bay. It is home to flashy bars, delicious restaurants and funky cafes. St. Kilda is where the young go to play, day and night. Start your day in Albert Park exploring the lush greenery, catch a cricket match or play a game of Frisbee. Then head down Fitzroy Street and duck into interesting shops and little cafes. Keep walking until you hit the Esplanade and take a stroll along the beach past the St Kilda Sea Baths and towards Luna Park. Once you hit Luna Park, keep walking to Acland Street and gaze at the mouth watering cakes in the window of one of several cake shops.

Carlton
Carlton is the labeled as the Italian district of Melbourne and is only a short tram ride away from the city centre. Travelers to this area are delighted to find themselves in a very European atmosphere. Sidewalk cafes abound along with quaint Italian bistros and waiters beckoning passersby into their restaurants. Lygon Street is the main drag here and is lined with fashionable clothing boutiques and cozy bookstores. Be sure not to miss the Lygon Street Festival in October.

Fitzroy
Fitzroy is the Bohemian hub of Melbourne. It is situated just north of the city and, as Carlton, is only a short tram ride away. Visitors to Fitzroy will delight in the cozy cafes, funky bars, and eclectic and vintage clothing stores. Fitzroy comes to live at night and is buzzing with activity. There are jazz bars, punk shows, tapas bars, and Latin dancing amongst other fun venues. Brunswick Street is the busiest street in this district but don’t forget to wander off the main thorough fare and go exploring down the side streets where gems can be found.

The City
The CBD of Melbourne is an unavoidable destination for travelers to Melbourne. Federation Square on Swanson Street and across from Flinders Street Station, the main train station, is where travelers converge and is the centre of Melbourne. Huge events are staged here such as Melbourne Fashion Week, Melbourne International Jazz Festival, Australia Day Celebrations and many more. Walking up Swanson Street will lead travelers to all major retailers, bars and restaurants in Melbourne. Myers and David Jones are both accessible from this street. Swanson Street is also the best place to hop on a tram to another destination.

South Yarra
South Yarra is the most fashionable district in Melbourne. Chapel Street is where travelers will find all the upscale boutiques and trendy bars and restaurants. Do not venture down this street in your runners or ratty jeans! And don’t forget your credit card! Greville Street just off of Chapel Street is not to be missed. This is where you’ll find smaller boutiques and one of a kind shops. It is always bustling. South Yarra is where you’ll also find the Prahan Market. In no way does it compare to the Queen Victoria Market in the city but it is a nice place to wander around and grap a latte on a weekend morning.

History Of Museums In Australia

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If you are staying at a bed and breakfast in Australia then there are some fantastic museums you can explore during your holiday. Australia’s oldest museum is the Australian Museum in Sydney which is famed for its natural history and anthropological collection.

Another great museum is the National Dinosaur Museum in Canberra with a monumental 23 complete dinosaur skeletons and over three hundred displays of individual fossils. This is a great place to explore with children to discover the ancient history of Australia.

The Canberra Museum and Gallery incorporates visual arts and social history in an array of exciting exhibitions, projects and education programs which allows you to discover Canberra’s cultural and social issues and possibilities for the future.

The Canberra Railway Museum consist of very many exhibits that showcases the operating steam locomotive which is the oldest and built in 1878. Their railway yard also freight cars,passenger cars,houses locomotives, rail motors and track-maintenance vehicles. You will be able to be involved n a tour with a guide so as to enjoy their selection of what they have and also be part of a workshop inspection. The Australian National Maritime Museum lets you explore Australia’s connection between the sea and commerce, defense, exploration, adventure, sport and play. This museum encapsulates these themes with fascinating artifacts, lively exhibitions and fun activities.

The Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House is the first and only museum that is dedicated to illustrating the story of Australian democracy. You will be able to discover where Australia came from and understand where the country is headed. Explore the Old Parliament House’s heritage and history remains. The National Museum of Australia holds permanent galleries and informative exhibitions with interactive displays and fascinating artifacts. You will be able to view cricket cap of Greg Chapel’s ,the magnifier of Captain Cook’s and preserved thylacine which is an Australian animal that is extinct but also a prized museum specimen.

St. John’s Schoolhouse Museum is Canberra’s first school and school master’s residence and opened in 1845. It provided elementary education for worker’s children and is built in the style of an English parish church within a historic precinct. The Sydney museum is another great museum you can explore if you are staying at a bed and breakfast in Australia. It is a museum that is imaginative and offers visitors a tour of discovery and marvel through Sydney 1788 and beyond. The Police and Justice Museum showcases a a recreated police charge room,Magistrates Court and remand cells, a mug shots gallery which has Sydney’s early criminals and a range various weapons. This is a great museum to explore if you want to discover the history of police and justice in Sydney.